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Degree of Bachelor of Science
in Chemistry Requirements

The course of study for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Chemistry takes four academic years. The minimum requirements for the degree are 135-136 semester hours. A candidate must complete his general education requirements of 51-52 semester hours as prescribed by the University of Liberia. He must earn fifty-two (52) semester hours in his major, eighteen (18) semester hours in his minor and thirteen (13) semester hours of supporting elective.

Course Description - Chemistry

101-102 Chemistry - General Chemistry

A general concept of the fundamental laws and theories of chemistry: gas laws and the laws of chemical combination : oxidation and reduction; solutions - kinds and properties; chemical kinetics, equilibria and thermodynamics; related problems. A study of non-metals, metals and their compounds; and a brief introduction to the fundamental ideas and the scope of organic chemistry.

The laboratory work includes experiments, the fundamental laws, rate of reactions, heat and reactions, neutralization, oxidation and reduction; preparation of selected elements and study of their properties; systematic separation and identification of cations and anions. Three hours lecture, one hour recitation, and three hours laboratory.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

201-202 Chemistry - Inorganic Chemistry
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 102

Extended study of Inorganic Chemistry from the standpoint of periodic classification of elements. Classification of elements according to electronic structure of elements. Different types of linkages. Modern theory of complex compounds. Comparison between elements belonging to the main groups and sub-groups. Detail study of the structures of the latter. Three hours lectures.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

203 Chemistry - Quantitative Analysts
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 102

Principles of gravimetric and volumetric analysis, with emphasis on a comparison of these methods with respect to the errors and uncertainties in experimental measurements. Two hours lecture and

204 Chemistry - Advanced Quantitative Analysis
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 203

An introduction to the use of instruments in the measurement of quantities whose magnitude can be correlated with concentration or total amount of a substance in solution. A brief study of chromatographic methods of analysis. Two hours lecture and six hours laboratory.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

205-206 Chemistry - Principles of Physical and Analytical Chemistry
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 102

Ideal gas laws, solubility of gases in liquids, measurement of gas uptake or output by biological systems; some properties of aqueous solution - vapor pressure; solutions of non-electrolytes \ six hours laboratory. Osmosis, solution of electrolyte; solubility of salts in water; acids, bases and buffers in aqueous solution. PH in biological systems. Background Thermodynamics; Enthalphy. Free energy, Entropy, Spontaneous reactions; chemical Equilibrium, the application of Thermodynamics to Biochemistry; the kinetics of chemical reactions; the kinetics of enzyme -catalysed reactions; oxidation and reduction, Electrode potentials, Potentiometric Titarations. Three hours lecture, and three hours laboratory.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

301 Chemistry - Organic Chemistry I
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 102

An introduction to the Study of carbon compounds. The development of fundamental theories for the interpretation of reactions and properties of these compounds. Modern orbital and bonding theory; other theoretical aspects concerning structure of molecules; and the relationship of structure and reactivity. Study of the simple saturated and unsaturated aliphatic compounds, including compounds of mixed and . multiple functions. Cyclic compounds; oplical activity of organic compounds. Three hours of lecture, one hour recitation, and three hours of laboratory.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

302 Chemistry - Organic Chemistry II
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 301

A study of aromatic compounds; halides, phenols, ethers; acfds and derivatives; the carbonyl compounds; nitrogen compounds' Three hours of lecture, one hour recitation and three hours of laboratory.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

312 Chemistry - Physical Methods of Analysis
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 301

An introduction to spectroscopy; study of the principles of visible, ultraviolet, infrared, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; instrumentation and use in the identification of 'organic compounds. Three hours lecture.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

401-402 Chemistry -General Physical Chemistry
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 203 and 204, Maths 201 & 202

Physico-chemical study of matter in the gaseous, liquid and solid states. Elementary principles of thermodynamics; free energy, entropy, partial molar functions; properties of solutions; electrolytes and non-electrolytes and the colligative properties ol solutions; thermochemistry; chemical equilibria in homogeneous and hetergeneous systems; catalysts; phase rule; chemical kinetics; colloids an6 surface phenomena; electrochemistry; conductance and electromotive (orce and their applications. Three hours lectures and three hours of laboratory per week.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

403 Chemistry - Qualitative Organic Analysis
Pre-requislte: Chemistry 302 and 312

The course includes complete qualitative analysis of organic compounds and separation and identification of components of mixtures; Detection of elements; determination of physical constants and solubility In different solvents; tests for functional groups; preparation of derivatives and the use of spectral correlation for final identification. Two hours lecture and six hours laboratory per week.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

404-405 Chemistry - Advanced Topics in Chemistry
Pre-requisites: Chemistry 401 and 403, or concurrent enrollment

Selected Topics of Interest. Three hours lecture.
Credit: 3 credits/semester

407 Chemistry - Organic Chemistry II
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 302

A study of Heterocyclic compounds; polymers; carbohydrates; Ami no acids and proteins; and an introductory study of nucleic acids.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

408 Chemistry - Chemistry of Natural Products
Pre-requisites; Chemistry 204, 312, 403 and 407

Selected organic reactions and natural organic products; carbohydrates, proteins, liquids, alkaloids, steroids; vitamins, hormones. Three hours lecture and three laboratory.

Credit: 4 Credits/semester

411-412 Chemistry -Chemistry Project
Pre-requisite: Chemistry 204, 312 and 407

An exercise in the methods used in scientific investigations. Topics be of great variety. Literature survey will be done at the beginning of the project and reading and consultation of references throughout. The student will be given a choice from a list of project titles, which will be available at the beginning of the term. Admission to this course requires approval of a Project Advisor and the Department Chairman. Two 3-hours labs, with consultation with Advisor once a week.

Credit: 2 credits/semester

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