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Degree of Bachelor of Arts
in English Requirements

The Department of English and Literature Is one of the several departments within Liberia College [College of Social Sciences and Humanities) at the University of Liberia. It offer's a 4-year program of studies leading to the degree of Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) in English and Literature. At the same time, it offers courses for freshman and sophomore students who are fulfilling English requirements under the general education program of the University. Nearly 2000 students take English courses each semester.

Additionally, the department directs the activities of the "University Players" - a student organization which encourages drama production, with a view to providing for the student an opportunity to appreciate , through participation, both the aesthetic qualities and literary values of theatrical art. On the other hand, the student who is not interested in acting may choose to be a part of the "English Club" which among olher things encourages and promotes public debates, writing and reading poetry.

The overall objective therefore is to enable the student to translate his classroom experience into more relevant, practical realities.

Course Descriptions

003 English - Remedial English

This is a course for students whose performance in the English section of the University placement examination does not entitle them to enter regular University courses immediately. It aims to give them a basic competence in reading and writing sufficient to enable them to complete the University's requirements in other courses. In reading, the emphasis is on the understanding of informative rather than literary texts and in writing, the emphasis is on the accurate construction of elementary sentences in isolation and in short compositions.
Credit: No credit

101 English - Freshman English I

Required of students in all first degree programs of the University and pre-requisite to all credit-bearing English courses. This is a basic communication course emphasizing listening^ basic writing, and speaking abilities. It includes the reading and discussion of short prose selections intended to develop both the reading and writing skills needed for the organization and development of effective paragraphs.
Credit: 3 credits/semester

102 English - Freshman English II

Required of students in all first degree programs and pre-requisite to all credit-bearing English courses. A continuation (not a repetition) of English 101, this course helps to reinforce the skills acquired in English 101. It provides instruction in the writing of original composition: description/narration and in reading composition, enabling students to meet
the requirements of college education.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

103 Preparatory Theater Arts (Elective)

This course Is designed to provide experiences in the whole area of theatrical production - acting, directing, designing, collecting props, or writing plays. The student will also develop an ability to think and feel with others, to be able to interpret to audiences the meaning of life contained In a work of dramatic art. I twill serve as a backbone for the University Players and also provide a forum for the Liberian culture. Only a minimum of 3 or a maximum of 4 credit hours may be earned for this course.

Credit: 1 credit/semester

105-106 English - Freshman English (Honors)

This first year of Honors English is designed for those entering freshman who are well-prepared for college English work. This should expose them to an intensification of the fundamental objectives of first year college English which covers training in clear thinking, Intelligent and creative reading, and correct, clear and effective writing. The course is open to all entering freshmen who make an approximate average of B or above in the UL Admission and Placement English Examination.

Credit: 4 credits/semester

201 English - Sophomore English

Required for all students in all first degree programs and is prerequisite to all credit-bearing English courses except English 101 and 102. His designed to provide additional skills in reading comprehension and in efficient and effective communication. Summary and paraphrase writing are fostered and students are ultimately exposed to the methods and techniques of writing short term papers.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

202 English - Sophomore English II
Pre-requisite: English 201

Required for all students In all first degree programs. It places emphasis on the development of the basic communicative skills in reading comprehension and writing. It is also a study of style as manifested through some selected expository, argumentative and poetic works. Students are ultimately exposed to the methods and techniques of writing research papers.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

203 English - Survey of English Literature

This course will present a rapid review of English Literature from its origin to the present. The method of presentation will be that of the masterpiece: the selection of major works from each of the epochs of English Literature which reflect the pre-occupations of their time. Special attention will be given to the development of the character of English civilization as it emerges from the nations. Required for English majors and minors; elective for all others.

Credit: 3 crediIs/semester

204 English - English Literature:
19th Century to the present

This course is a continuation of the study of English Literature begun in English 203. Itwill present/material'from the following literary periods: the Romantic Age, the Edwardians, the Celtic Revival, and Modern English Literature through Conrad, Lawrence, Huxley. As in English 203, special attention will be given to political, economic, and social developments within English society which determine the changing literary consent and sensibility. Only the works of major writers of each period will be considered. In addition to works presented for classroom analysis, students will read selected works from a reading list. Required for English majors and minors; elective for all others.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

206 English - Introduction to Literature (Majors and Minors only)

This course is intended to improve literary sensitivity by giving the students critical standards for the intelligent reading of the several forms of literature. It is designed as an introductory course for students who elect to obtain their minor and major in English. It is therefore an advanced course in of the techniques of the effective use of English for communication. The course embraces a study/of the nature and function of imaginative literature, of the norms for analysis and critical assessment of more complex writing in, modern English prose, the short story, the novel/narrative, lyric, dramatic poetry and drama. Success depends on the student's ability to do extensive reading and to have a firm grasp of the nuances of language including the ironic and oblique uses of language. In addition, the student will reinforce his skill in the writing of critical or research papers.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

209-210 English - Sophomore English (Honors)

This sophomore Honors English is devoted exclusively to an introduction to the main literary forms with specific emphasis on the Short Story, the Novel, Poetry, and Drama. In an effort to understand the nature, function and positive values of literature, a critical approach will be stressed. The course is opened to all sophomore students who maintain an average of B or better.

Credit: 4 credits/s em ester

301-302 English -World Literature

Pre-requisite: (203-204 for majors and minors)
& 201-202 for others as elective.

This course is designed to acquaint the students with the great masters in literature, especially those of Europe and Asia from the earliest times to our present day. The selections will be read in English, Philosophy and Religion. Writers and their works will be studied with a view to knowing their ideology, philosophy, style and message to mankind. This is a survey course which takes the students to the Hellenic and Habraic World, the Oriental World, the Medieval World and the Renaissance and Modern World. It deals with Greek and Roman culture, tradition, history and the Christian and Moslem Worlds as literature.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

303-304 English - Survey of American Literature

The first semester (English 303) of this course deals with American Literature from its origin in the Puritan culture of New England to the eve of the Civil War. The sequence of topics is as follows: the Puritan Mind, 18th century Rationalism and the American Revolution, American Romanticism, the Genteel Tradition. The Second Semester (English 304) begins with the emergence of modern American Literature following the Civil War and concludes with the Contemporary scene. The sequence of topics is as follows: The Authentic American Voice, Western Realism of the 19th Century and Recent Trends in Fiction and Poetry.

Credit: 3 credit/semester Total: 6 credits

305 English - Survey of African Literature

This course is a critical study of the contributions made by African writers and writers of African descent. It is designed to develop a sensitive and comprehensive response to African Literature and to train alert and critical readers. Emphasis is placed on the tale, folklore, short stories, the poetry, the novel and drama as they contributed to the development of society. Special effort is made to introduce works of Libe-rian authors. It is hoped that the students will be ercouraged to try their own hands at creative writing. A large selection of African novels will be required for background reading. Selections by authors of Black Africa or Africa South of the Sahara will be read.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

307 English - Modern Drama

This course presents a detailed structural analysis of major plays from Ibsen to Beckett. The course will also display the dramas selected for analysis against their historical and intellectual backgrounds. The selection of plays varies from year to year but will include representative works from the following dramatists: Ibsen, Chekhov, Stelnberg, Shaw, O'Neil, O'Casey, Synge, Brecht. It will present material from the following literary periods: the Romantic Age, the Edwardians, the Celtic Revi-. val, and Modern English Literature through Conrad, Lawrence, Huxley. As in English 203, special attention will be given to political, economic, and social developments within English society which determine the changing literary content and sensibility. Only the works of major writers of each period will be considered: Pirandello, Lotca, Anauilh, Cirau-doux, Beckett. The student will also read independently selections from an approved reading list.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

323 English - Introductory Linguistics
Pre-requlsite: Sophomore English

This is an introductory course in general linguistics with special emphasis on phonetics and techniques of language analysis. Although Illustrative examples will be drawn from English, the main thrust of the course will be on the West African Region with comparable examples selected from Kpelle, Vai, Bassa, Ewe, Twi, Yoruba, Itoo. Briefly, intro-ductory linguistics will deal with sound and word structure (Phonetics and Morphology), and the fundamentals of structural linguistics.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

325 English -Appreciation of Literature

Pre-requisite: English 203 or Permission of Department Chairman

The primary purpose of this course is to develop in students analytical skills required for an objective and aesthetic appraisal of literary works in prose and poetry. As a discipline, this course in the evaluation of literature will develop critical principles that should make a significant contribution to a student's intellectual and professional growth.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

401 English-Speech

Speech is a comprehensive course in oral communication that follows the lecture-laboratory format. Theory and concepts are presented through lectures and assigned readings, while exercises and speech performances are done within a laboratory setting. The course covers the fundamentals of voice and diction, emphasizing breathing techniques, correct pronunciation, enunciation, and articulation. Included is a brief survey of phonetics with special emphasis on the IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet), and a study of the anatomy and physiology of speech (speech production). The course emphasizes demographics as used in audience analysis. Also covered is the composition of different kinds of speeches, Informative and actuative, and the techniques of extemporaneous speaking. Small group communication is given careful attention, as well as some consideration of debate.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

403 English - African Novel Pre-requisite: English 305

This course is a concentrated study of major African Novels with emphasis on a critical analysis of the themes, genres, structures, styles and use of language In the realization of the author's purpose. The course devotes attention to novels by Liberian authors, and authors whose works, by virtue of their excellence, historical and social relevance or political commitment have proved landmarks in the development of the African Novel.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

404 English - African Drama and Poetry
Pre-requisite: English 305

This course is an intensive study of the view of the African World as created and propounded in the major African plays and their influence on the society. The student will be acquainted with the mechanics of play analysis and interpretation. The poetry section is a critical study of the themes, styles, structure, historical and social circumstances of African Poetry beginning with the poetry of Liberia. It emphasizes major African poets such as Moore, Williams, Senghor, Diop, Clark, Okigbo, Dipoko.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

405 English - English Novel
Pre-requisite: English 203-204

A survey of the English Novel from Its beginning to the present time, stressing Its variety, aim and techniques, its social, historical and fictional values. It is to include a critical study of the major contributions made by the Novelists of the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries. The first series of lectures examine the Novel as an art form and introduce the student to the techniques of structural analysis. Subsequent lecture series examine the leading motives of the major novels against the background of the periods.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

406 English - American Novel

This course presents a detailed structural analysis of selected major novels together with a discussion of their historical contexts. The selection of novels varies from year to year but will include representative works from the following authors: Hawthorne, Melville, Twain, James, Dreiser, Gather, Lewis, Fitzgerald, Hemingway and Faulkner. The student will also read Independently selections from an approved reading list.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

407 English - Twentieth Century Poetry
Pre-requlsite: English 203-204

Trends, themes and modes in the poetry of our own century as exemplified by analysis of specific poems and the poetic strategies of particular poets. Selections from the works of all Important poets of the period will be studied, ranging from those of the Victorian precursors: Hopkins, Emily Dickinson and George Meredith to those of Dylan Thomas, Robert Lowell and very recent "Moderns." Although chief emphasis will be placed on British and American poetry, some attention will be given to such poets as Lucle-Smith (West Indian).

Credit: 3 credits/semester

408 English - Shakespeare
Pre-requlslte: English 203-204

The best plays of Shakespeare are studied. This course introduces the students to Shakespearean studies and includes a general survey of his dramatic art, the theater and companies of his period and the national and social background to his plays. The methods of the Shakespearean techniques - his style, plotting and characteristics are studied. The student Is required to become familiar with the total Shakespeare: his poetry, sonnets and songs. A major part of the course is the detailed study of some of his comedies and tragedies.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

409 English - Seminar in African Literature
Pre-requisite: English 305. Permission of Instructor required.

This Honors Seminar is designed to provide the superior student With a unique opportunity for intellectual enrichment beyond the normal academic program. The selected student, working under the direction of a faculty member, Independently researches an area of African Literature and Linguistics, and writes an extended analytical paper. Students In this program have the opportunity of attending special seminars, lectures and performances related to the general area of African Culture,

This Seminar may be taken concurrently with a standard course on Africa (for example Government, Sociology, Anthropology) by students who are non-English major. Whenever this happens, trie student receives both a grade and an academic credit for his standard course and is also awarded a grade for the Honors Seminar.

Credit: 6 credits/semester

410 English -The English Language Today
Pre-requisite: English 323

This course has a two-fold purpose: (a) To provide an accurate structural description of what modern English is, what it does and can do; (b) To provide for English majors and other students professionally concerned with English, a terminal course in the efficient use of language on the written and spoken levels of expression. It will examine some of the theories of language analysis today, e.g. phrase and sentence structure rules, transformation generative grammar, immediate constituent analysis, etc.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

411 English -Advanced Composition

The writing of Exposition. This section of the course will be devoted exclusively to the writing of major forms of modern exposition: the journalistic reports, the essay of inquiry, the essay of judgement (argumentation), the critical-review, the essay of personal experience. The following principles of modern exposition will be demonstrated: thesis, movement of thought, transition, inductive and deductive development, style and mechanics. Each student will be responsible for the writing of four fully developed essays.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

412 English - Advanced Composition

The writing of fiction. This section of the course will be devoted exclusively to the writing of the Modern Short Story based upon contemporary African experiences. The following principles of short fiction will be demonstrated: conflict, suspense, point-of-view, dramatic movement of plot, characterization, motivation, setting, dialogue, language and symbol. Each student will be responsible for the writing of four fully developed short stories.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

421 English - Advanced Composition

Expository writing: This section of the course will continue with the presentation of the techniques of advanced expository writing. Topics will include the following: paragraph movement, the thesis, major movement of thought within the development of the thesis, logic fn composition, the uses of analogy and the inquiry, judgement and personal experience. As in English 411, the emphasis in both section of English 421 is upon performance, not theory.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

422 English - Advanced Composition

Creative writing: This section of the course will continue with the presentation of the techniques of creative writings: conflict point-of-view characterization, setting, realistic and stylized dialogue and symbolic language and action. The student will not be confined, however, to the writing of short fiction. Techniques in the writing of modern poetry, particularly modern African poetry will be presented. The student may also choose to work with the drama in the form of the one-act play.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

431 English - Senior Thesis

This course provides the opportunity for trie student lo investigate and report his finding on a problem relevant to the discipline in either Literature or Linguistics. The primary purpose is to test the student's ability to discuss clearly, objectively, and in good life ary form, his sources, methods and conclusions.

Credit: 3 credits/semester

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